Distribution of direct economic value

Direct economic value generated and distributed, RUB bn 201–1
Metric 2018 2019 2020
I. Economic value generated 402.1 405.6 429.9
Operating profit 353.4 362.1 377.8
Interest income and dividends received 8.9 7.1 6.1
Losses from sale of assets (1.8) (1.6) (0.8)
Government grants 41.6 37.9 46.8
II. Economic value distributed 316.5 335.7 340.3
Operating costs 201.3 215.2 214.1
Salaries, allowances and other benefits 75.9 80.4 80.2
Payments to capital providers 11.9 11.7 16.7
Payments to government 26.1 26.9 27.5
Investments in communities 1.4 1.5 1.8
III. Economic value retained 85.5 69.9 89.6